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CS917 Coursework 1
Deadline: Monday week 6 (4 November) at 12.00 noon. Please read the entire sheet before
starting on Part A.
Background
Through lectures and exercise sheets you have gained some useful experience of the
multi-paradigm programming language Python. In this coursework we would like you
to use this knowledge to solve a number of real-world problems based on the analysis
of company stock data.
The dataset that you will be using is taken from the Financial Times Stock Exchange
100 Index (the FTSE 100). This lists the 100 companies registered on the London Stock
Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. The FTSE 100 is seen as a gauge of
the prosperity of businesses regulated by UK company law and there is much interest
(and speculation) in the volatility of this index as the UK moves through various
BREXIT scenarios.
Data
The data that you need for this coursework is in a single CSV file called ftse100.csv,
which can be found on the module website. Within the CSV file there is data on the
value of stock prices for each company on the FTSE 100. Each row of the data file is
formatted as follows:
1. ‘date’: the day of the stock information, format dd/mm/yyyy
2. ‘time’: the time of the stock information, format hh:mm
3. ‘code’: The FTSE100 company code
4. ‘name’: Full name of the company
5. ‘currency’: The currency the company is valued in
6. ‘price’: The valuation of the stock at the date and time
7. ‘diff’: The price difference between the current and last recorded value
8. ‘per_diff’: The percentage difference between the current and last recorded
value
The data has been collected in 15 minute intervals from Monday 14 October to Friday
18 October.
Part A (25 Marks)
In this first part you are required to define 5 functions.
The first of these functions is
daily_movement(data, code, date) -> float
which given the data, a stock code, and a date (in the format dd/mm/yyyy) will return
a positive or negative floating point number (to 2 decimal places) that is the price
movement of that stock on that date.
The second function
daily_high(data, code, date) -> float
which given the data, a stock code, and a date will return a positive floating point
number (to 2 decimal places) that is the highest price for that stock on the given date.
The third function
daily_low(data, code, date) -> float
provides the equivalent functionality to that above but now returns the lowest price
for that stock on the given date.
The fourth function
daily_avg(data, code, date) -> float
provides the average price (to 2 decimal places) for a given stock on a given date.
Finally, the fifth function
percentage_change(data, code, date) -> float
should return the percentage change for a particular company code on a particular
date.
The code skeleton below can be found on the module website and you should add
your solutions to a copy of this file. If you use this code skeleton then marking should
be very easy using our ready-made test harness.
Skeleton files for all parts are provided. Below is an example of the skeleton code
provided for part A:
"""
Part A
Please provide definitions for the following functions
"""
# daily_movement(data, code, date) -> float
# daily_high(data, code, date) -> float
# daily_low(data, code, date) -> float
# daily_avg(data, code, date) -> float
# percentage_change(data, code, date) -> float
# Replace the body of this main function for your testing purposes
if __name__ == "__main__":
# Start the program
# Example variable initialization
# data is always the ftse100.csv read in using a DictReader
data = []
with open("ftse100.csv", "r") as f:
reader = csv.DictReader(f)
data = [r for r in reader]
# code is always a string value
code = "III"
# date is always a string formatted 'dd/mm/yyyy'
date = "14/10/2019"
# access individual rows from data using list indices
first_row = data[0]
# to access row values, use relevant column heading in csv
print(f"code = {first_row['code']}")
print(f"price = {first_row['price']}")
print(f"date = {first_row['date']}")
pass
Details of the marking scheme that we will use can be found below.
Part B (25 Marks)
In this exercise you are first expected to create a portfolio. This is simply a list of
company codes which a particular trader is interested in. You must ensure that each
code in the portfolio is a valid FTSE 100 company (of course), and a portfolio must
contain at least 1 and at most 100 companies.
create_portfolio() -> [code]
To implement this function, you will need to ask for inputs from the user using the
input functions from previous labs. Each input should ask for a single company code.
When all the company codes have been entered for this portfolio, input ‘EXIT’ to exit
the input loop, and then return the portfolio.
Next you are required to write a function that will find the best x investments in a
portfolio for a particular period:
best_investments(data,portfolio,x,start_date,end_date) -> [code]
The function should take the following parameters: The FTSE 100 data; The portfolio
in question (which is a list of company codes); the number of investments that the
trader is interested in (this must be a number between 1 and the number of
companies in the portfolio inclusive); and a start and end date, each in the format
dd/mm/yyyy.
There are a lot of opportunities for error here: x must be less than or equal to the
portfolio size; the start date must be less than the end date etc. In all cases where it is
not possible to return a valid answer, or where you think the function should return
an exception, your function should return an empty list of codes, e.g. [ ].
In a similar fashion, now define the function:
worst_investments(data,portfolio,x,start_date,end_date) -> [code]
The parameters are to be defined in the same way as above, and the function should
return [ ] in all scenarios where it is not possible to calculate a valid answer.
A code skeleton for Part B can also be found on the module website, so please add
your solutions to this. Details of the marking scheme that we will use can be found
below.
Part C (25 Marks)
As Data Analysts, we should be capable of interrogating and understanding our data.
Many of us, however, find it quite difficult to understand hundreds or possibly
thousands of lines of csv. To help with this one might want to visualise the data in a
graph.
In this exercise, you will be utilising the matplotlib.pyplot library to visualise the
trends of the stock prices in the data file. You will again find a code skeleton on the
module website which you should use when developing your solutions.
You need to implement two functions for Part C.The first function is
plot_company(data, code, start_date, end_date)
Which, given the code of a particular company and a start and end date (in the format
dd/mm/yyyy), will output a line graph of the stock over the time period from the start
date to the end date. The function should not return a value, but should instead
output the plot to a file called plot1.png.
The second function
plot_portfolio(data, portfolio, start_date, end_date)
is similar to the first function, except that it should plot lines for each stock in the
portfolio. Due to the large variance in share prices, it may not be feasible to plot some
companies on the same graph. Luckily for us the matplotlib package comes with a
subplot function, allowing us to plot multiple graphs in the same figure.
Using the subplots function, create and save a plot containing multiple graphs. To
make coding easier, the maximum number of subplots expected within one figure
will be 6.
The function should not return a value, but should instead output the plot to a file
called plot2.png.
Each graph generated by plot_company and plot_portfolio should have a title,
a legend of all of the codes present in the graph, suitable scales for both axes, and
labelled axes with units identified.
Part D (25 Marks)
In this exercise you are required to create a new Company class. This class will
encapsulate the code you created in Part A so that Company objects can be created.
Each Company will have a data variable which will store entries from ftse100.csv
related to this company. The specification for the new class is as follows:
Company:
#Instance variables
#Functions
● daily_movement(date) -> float
● daily_high(date) -> float
● daily_low(date) -> float
● daily_avg(date) -> float
● percentage_change(date) -> float
If we want to meaningfully participate in the stock market, it is not enough to just
analyse data, we also need to be able to predict future stock prices for a given
company. To do this we will implement a linear regression model to identify the trend
and predict the next day’s stock prices.
There are various maths libraries in Python that might help you do this, but we would
like you to implement this feature by hand. Define a function called
predict_next_average, which takes an instance of the Company class, calculates
the average price for the 5 days of data in ftse100.csv and uses this to predict what
you think the average price will be for the next day of trading.
predict_next_average(company) -> float
For those not familiar with linear regression models, the algorithm to generate a
simple linear model is available below. In this algorithm, m is the gradient of a
straight line and b is the y intercept. Applying this model to our dataset, for our needs,
you will need to assign x to the day (Monday is day 0, Tuesday is day 1 etc.) and y is
the average price.
The resulting model should result in y=mx+b which will generate a straight line from
which we can extrapolate the price of day 5 in our sequence (which in reality would
be the following Monday, as the FTSE 100 is closed over the weekend).
For many analysis techniques, it is not enough to predict the next stock prices or
averages. Instead we will want to classify companies based on how the stocks have
evolved over the past 5 days. Next implement a function that will return a string
classifier that will identify if a stock’s value is ‘increasing’, ‘decreasing’, ‘volatile’ or
‘other’:
classify_trend(company) -> str
To do this, perform a linear regression on the daily high and daily low for a
given company and determine whether the highs and lows are increasing or
decreasing. You will most likely need to use the linear regression algorithm you
implemented for predicting the average price, so it may be useful to make the
regression its own function.
The classification system works as follows: If the daily highs are increasing and the
daily lows are decreasing, this means that the stock prices have been fluctuating
over the past 5 days so assign ‘volatile’ to your result string. If the daily highs and
daily lows are both increasing, this likely means that the overall stock prices are
increasing so assign ‘increasing’. Likewise if the daily highs and lows are both
decreasing then assign ‘decreasing’. We currently only care about these 3
classifications so if a company shares do not follow any of the above trends assign
‘other’ to your result string.
The marking scheme for Part D can also be found below.
Coursework Submission and Marking
Deadline: Monday week 6 (4 November) at 12.00 noon. Coursework in the department is
nearly always submitted through Tabula. The advantage of using this system is that
you can be assured that the work has been submitted, a secure record of the work is
kept, feedback is easy to distribute and, where appropriate, code can be automatically
run and checked for correctness. Instructions on how to register on Tabular and the
steps to follow to submit your work will be posted on the module webpage shortly.
Please note the university requires that late penalties apply, so if you do submit your
work late (by even 5 minutes!) you will be penalised.
You are required to submit four separate files for this coursework: parta.py,
partb.py, partc.py, partd.py. Each of these files will be run on the FTSE 100 test data
so that it can be checked for correctness. We will also judge each solution on coding
style and how well you have made use of the various features of Python that we have
covered in the lectures.
The marking scheme for the coursework is as follows:
Part A
The parta.py file will have the following functions tested:
1. daily_movement(data, code, date) -> float
2. daily_high(data, code, date) -> float
3. daily_low(data, code, date) -> float
4. daily_avg(data, code, date) -> float
5. percentage_change(data, code, date) -> float
Each function will be tested on four (code, date) combinations and checked against
our own solutions. Thus twenty tests will be run in total for Part A and there are 20
possible marks available for these tests. In addition, marks will be available for
coding style (2 marks) and how well you have made use of the various language
features of Python (3 marks).
In your feedback for this exercise you will be told how many of the twenty tests your
code passes, and also how many marks were awarded for coding style and use of
language features.
Part B
The partb.py file will have the following functions tested:
1. create_portfolio() -> [code]
2. best_investments(data,portfolio,x,start_date,end_date) ->
[code]
3. worst_investments(data,portfolio,x,start_date,end_date) ->
[code]
All three functions will be tested to ensure they follow the specification. This includes
scenarios where the functions should return [] as an answer. This means that your
solution should be able to handle incorrect input (as outlined above) as well as input
that will yield a result.
create_portfolio is worth 4 marks and will be subject to 4 tests which will test its
ability to handle both correct and incorrect inputs.
best_investments and worst_investments will be subject to 8 tests each (i.e. 8
marks for each function with 1 mark per test). These tests will consist of both valid
and invalid inputs. For these tests, the portfolios supplied will always be valid,
however the value of x, and the start_date and end_date may be invalid and
therefore require a [] output.
Like Part A, 2 marks will be assigned for coding style and 3 marks for the use of
python language features.
Part C
For Part C, the code in your partc.py file will be run with 5 sets of test input. The
plot_company function will be tested with two valid FTSE 100 company codes; the
plot_portfolio function will be tested with three valid test portfolios. The
resulting graphs for each of the five tests (in plot1.png and plot2.png) will be
visually inspected and marks will be allocated for each of the following features:
● The correctness of the graph (1 mark)
● The graph has a title (1 mark)
● The x and y axis both have labels and units (1 mark)
● A legend to identify the data (1 mark)
● That appropriate scales are calculated for the x and y axis (1 mark)
Thus your code will be expected to generate 5 graphs, each of which is worth 5 marks.
Part D
The partd.py file will have the following functions tested:
1. company.daily_movement(date) -> float
2. company.daily_high(date) -> float
3. company.daily_low(date) -> float
4. company.daily_avg(date) -> float
5. company.percentage_change(date) -> float
The implementation of the Company class is worth 5 marks. Therefore each of these
required class functions will be allocated one mark each.
We will then test the two functions:
1. predict_next_average(company) -> float
2. classify_trend(company) -> str
The predict_next_average function will be tested on 5 random companies from
the FTSE 100. Each correct answer will result in 2 marks each; thus 10 marks in total.
The classify_trend function will be tested on 5 random companies, but not
necessarily the same as those above, and each test will be worth 2 marks; total of 10
marks.
Please note that no marks will be assigned for solutions that use additional
imported libraries not covered in the lectures to solve these questions.
Working Independently and Completion
It is important that you complete this coursework independently. Warwick has quite
strict rules about this, and if a submitted solution is deemed to be a copy of another
then there are harsh penalties. The Tabula system has built-in checking software that
is quite sophisticated: if variable names are changed but the structure of the code is
the same, then it will spot this; if you reorder the code, then it will spot this also; if you
change the comments, then the checking software will know. So rather than trying to
fool the system - which you will not be able to do - it is best just to complete the work
by yourself. You do not need to do all the questions to get a decent mark, so just do
what you can on your own … and then you will do fine.
This coursework is designed to have stretch goals. Part D in particular is quite
complicated and we are not expecting everyone to do this. If you are able to get Parts
A-C done well, then you will likely score between 65% and 75%, which is a good mark
which you should be pleased with.
Good luck.

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