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CS2910 Assessed Coursework 2
This assignment must be submitted by 10am on the 8th of March 2024.
Feedback will be provided by 11th April 2024.
1 Learning outcomes assessed
This assignment assesses knowledge and understanding of finding paths using uninformed
search implemented in Prolog. In particular, the outcomes assessed are:-
• knowledge and understanding of uninformed search strategies such as depth-first search;
• application of uninformed search strategies to search problems represented as trees and
• implementation of uninformed search strategies in Prolog;
• extensions of uninformed search strategies with a cost weighting.
2 Instructions
Submit this coursework using Moodle by clicking here. Your submission should consist of a
cs2910.zip file, compressing a file named cs2910CW2.pl, containing all parts of the coursework.
It is your responsibility to check that the submitted file:
1. is named correctly;
2. has no syntax errors;
3. runs with SWI Prolog 7.6+;
4. is not empty; and
5. is not corrupted.
Warning: If any of the above conditions (1...5) is violated, your mark will be set to 0.
You will be given an opportunity to resubmit for feedback purposes but the marks will
not count for assessment. Submission after the deadline will be accepted but it will automatically be recorded as being late and is subject to College Regulations on late submissions.
All the work you submit should be solely your own work. Coursework submissions
are routinely checked for this. Any assessment offence will be investigated subject to
the College regulations.
3 Searching using Prolog
3.1 Finding a path
Consider the plan of a house as shown in Fig. 1. Write a Prolog description of this plan
that allows a Prolog program search for paths between locations indicated on the plan. For
example, if one is Outside and wishes to find a path to the WC, then a possible answer can
be: Outside → Porch 1 → Kitchen → Leaving Room → Corridor → WC. Your program should
Figure 1: Top view of a two bedroom house showing how different locations in and out of
the house are connected.
avoid loops and be as general as possible, in that, given any two locations representing an
origin O and a destination D, it returns:
• a path P from O to D, if it exists;
• every possible path P from O to D, if there are more than one;
• meaningful error messages, if the wrong input is provided for O and D.
Comment the code submitted for this part to contain the name of the search algorithm that
you selected to find the path. [40%]
3.2 Paths ending at a common destination
Define a Prolog program that searches bi-directionally from two origins O1 and O2 to meet
up at a common destination D. It is up to you how you define that, perhaps by reusing parts
of the program you developed for section 3.1, however this time you do not have to check that
the input parameters are correct, simply assume they are. Your program should combine a
path P1 from O1 to D, with a path P2 from O2 to D, if they exist, to produce a combined path
P, showing how you reach meeting point D from O1 and O2 respectively. You are expected
to produce all possible combinations P1 and P2 to construct P non-deterministically, if we
ask for more answers. Test your program using Fig. 1 by asking different queries and see
whether your work produces the expected outcomes. Maximum marks will be obtained
for also providing a program that returns only the shortest paths P1 and P2 combined to
produce P. [30%]
3.3 Paths with Costs
Rewrite the problem description for the program you defined in section 3.1, to include the
individual cost C (an integer describing the distance in meters) between locations of the
house as shown in Fig. 2. Once you have a new representation that takes individual cost
between locations into account, rewrite also you search program to calculate the total cost
of a path, so that when you return a path P as a solution, you also return Ctotal. Your new
program should also return every path, if there is more than one, returning the cheap ones
first, and then the more expensive ones, in rank order. Then use your new program to define
how to meet up from two origins O1 and O2 to a destination D (as in 3.2), only if the cost
Ctotal is the same from both O1 and O2 respectively.
Figure 2: Cost between locations.
Test your program using Fig. 1 by asking different queries and see whether your work produces the expected outcomes. [30%]
Marking criteria
• Full marks will be given for implementations that address the requirements of all the
tasks and their sub-tasks as specified in this document.
• Marks will be allocated to the logic of the implementation strategies proposed as well
as their implementation .
• Marks will also be allocated in solutions which show understanding of Prolog unification, especially on the use of lists, the use of existing primitives that manipulate and
generate lists (like append/3, findall/3 or setof/3), including the relevance of all
these to the specific search requirements.
• Code quality: indentation, comments, variable naming, use of ‘ ’ variables, and appropriate use of Prolog control operators (e.g. the cut operator (!)).
• It is expected that the files you will submit are created using Linux and not
Windows, as the marking will be done on a Linux machine. The code should run
in SWI Prolog version installed on linux.cim.rhul.ac.uk. Implementations in any
other Prolog or programming language will not be accepted.
• Your code should compile successfully for full marks. If part of your code does not
compile, then wrap it in a comment of the form:
/* Partial Code:
End of Partial Code */
and we will try to mark any logic that is relevant to the required task.

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